Living Forests

Page last reviewed/updated: 21/09/2011

Living Forests - A report about the Swedish forest industries work on the conservation of biodiversity.

How we are preserving forest biodiversity

The view of what constitutes an environmental problem has varied over time. New knowledge and new values affect our attitudes and constitute a basis for new environmental objectives. Although mankind has had an effect on species diversity in nature for a very long time, it has not been viewed as an environmental problem until relatively recently.

In 1992, the United Nations arranged an environmental conference on sustainable development in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The discussions, which resulted in the Convention on Biological Diversity and the ‘Forest Principles’, were an important step towards a greater awareness of the importance of preserving the diversity of forest species.

Similar insights had also been growing in Sweden for some time. In 1993, the Swedish Parliament decided to place the environmental objective on a par with the production objective in the Swedish Forestry Act. The basis of the Swedish Forestry Model has since been that timber production and biodiversity preservation go hand in hand.

The majority of the forest land in Sweden is privately owned, by private individuals and forest industry companies. Swedish forest policy relies on joint responsibility between forest owners and the State.

In addition to legislative requirements, the forest industry has also adopted its own environmental objectives. We have done so to meet the high standards of environmental concern set by our customers, but above all, we feel a moral responsibility for the living heritage of the forest’s diversity of

Our overall objective is clear: we will manage the forest so that all species in the Swedish forest landscape can live on.

The UN proclaimed 2011 the International Year of Forests with the aim of calling attention to activities promoting sustainable use of the world’s forests. With this report, we describe the progress of our work in preserving biodiversity in Swedish forests. Hopefully, readers may agree that things are heading in the right direction although we of course recognise that there is still much left to do.


Mårten LarssonSkogsdirektör Chef näringspolitiska avdelningen+46(0)8-611 71 22
Linda ErikssonAnsvarig svensk skogspolitik08-762 72 09

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